Easy Energy Efficiency Improvements

The following is an excerpt taken from the article, “Easy Energy Efficiency Improvements.” For more information please visit www.sba.gov.



  • Turn off lights when not in use.
  • Remove or disconnect unnecessary light fixtures.
  • Replace incandescent light bulbs with compact fluorescent light bulbs.
  • Replace or retrofit non-energy efficient light fixtures.
  • Install “occupant sensors” to automatically turn lights off and on.
  • Take advantage of “day lighting”.
  • Lower light levels where appropriate such as around computer monitors.
  • Install LED (light-emitting diode) exit signs.
  • Install timers or photocells on outside lights.

Water Heating

  • Use hot water wisely.
  • Insulate hot water holding tanks and hot and cold water pipes.
  • Set your water heater at the lowest required temperature.
  • Use less. Install faucet aerators and efficient showerheads.
  • Find and fix leaks.


  • Perform routine maintenance, such as vacuuming, to remove dust.
  • Turn off the lights in walk-in refrigerators.
  • Add strip curtains to refrigerated spaces without doors.
  • Defrost regularly.
  • Retrofit or replace old refrigerators and freezers.


  • Turn off office equipment when not in use.
  • Maintain your equipment to ensure efficient performance.
  • Use energy efficient computers and office equipment.
  • Make sure your motors and motor systems are running at optimum efficiency.
  • Buy Energy Star Qualified Products: Locate a Store; Find Special Offers.

Heating and Cooling (HVAC) Systems

  • Make sure your HVAC system is operating efficiently.
  • Inspect and clean or replace air filters on a regular basis.
  • Repair leaks in system components such as pipes, steam traps or couplings.
  • Adjust the thermostat during unoccupied times or install a programmable thermostat.
  • Reduce air conditioning hours.
  • Make sure radiators, air intake vents, etc., are not obstructed so that air can flow freely.
  • Use the Energy Star Building Checklist to cut down on winter heating costs.
  • Use the Energy Star Building Checklist to cut down on summer cooling costs.



  • Block direct sunlight shining through windows in the summer.
  • Let the sun in during the day in the winter, but cover the windows at night.
  • Keep external doors closed.
  • Use fans to help delay or reduce the need for air-conditioning in the summer.
  • Use fans to pull warm air down from the ceiling in the winter.
  • Improve the insulation in the climate-controlled portions of your facility.
  • Plug leaks around windows, doors, outlets, etc., with weather-stripping or caulk.

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