Prevention of Lyme Disease

This is an excerpt from the article “Lyme Disease Facts”. For more information, please visit

Prevention of Lyme Disease

First line of defense is decreasing the probability of tick bites.1 Ticks can be vectors of other infections, in addition to Lyme disease.

– Avoidance of tick habitat (brushy, overgrown grassy, and woody areas) particularly in spring and early summer when young ticks feed.
– Removal of leaves, tall grass, and brush from areas around work areas or residential areas to decrease tick as well as host (deer and rodent) habitat.
– Application of tick-toxic chemicals to surrounding work or residential areas in accordance with federal, state, and local regulations and community standards.

Personal Protection

– Wearing light-colored clothing (to more easily see ticks).
– Wearing long-sleeved shirts, tucking pant legs into socks or boots (delays ticks from reaching skin so
they can be more easily found before attaching).
– Wearing high boots or closed shoes covering entire foot.
– Wearing a hat.
– Using appropriate insect repellants on non-facial skin and permeation on clothes (kills ticks) in accordance with Environmental Protection Agency guidelines.
– Showering and washing/drying clothes at high temperature after outdoor exposure.
– Doing a careful body check for ticks, prompt removal with tweezers and skin cleansing with antiseptic.

Workers at risk should be advised of the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease, as well as the primary and secondary preventive measures for this disease. Those who are at increased risk for Lyme disease should obtain medical advice regarding the applicability of the Lyme disease vaccine; those who have symptoms of suspected tick-borne infection should seek medical attention early. More detailed information regarding various aspects of Lyme disease prevention can be found on the CDC web site (

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